Treatment for Gum Disease
When you notice your gums are bright pink or red, swollen and bleeding, you need to make a dental appointment right away. Early treatment of gum disease is the best way to prevent your teeth and jawbones from being damaged. Ignoring the signs of gum disease can lead to unnecessary tooth loss.
At the onset of gum disease, or gingivitis as it is called in the earliest stages, treatment is usually simple and straightforward. Your teeth will be thoroughly cleaned, and all plaque and tartar buildup will be removed. You may be given a special mouthwash and/or toothpaste to help the healing process. Subsequent visits to monitor the disease may be necessary, but usually gingivitis clears up in a short amount of time.
More advanced gum disease, or periodontitis, will require more extensive treatment. Dr. Vashisht and the hygienist will make recommendations on the best plan for treating your gum disease. The severity of the infection often dictates how the disease will be cured. If the infection is not severe, you may only need to have your teeth and gums thoroughly cleaned and the roots of your teeth planed or smoothed. This provides a slick surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth.
More severe cases of periodontitis may require some surgery to remove damaged gum tissue. Dr. Vashisht may also prescribe antibiotics to be taken orally, or you may have antibiotics placed in the gums to stop the infection. You will need to make return visits to the office for follow-up treatments as the gums heal.
Symptoms and Causes of Periodontal Disease
Signs of periodontal disease are red, puffy gums that bleed when you brush or floss and sometimes when eating. You will also see a buildup of a hard, yellow or brown substance on your teeth. This is tartar, also known as calculus.
When tartar builds up, it pushes the gums away from the teeth. This causes pockets to form between the teeth and gums. These pockets become filled with food particles and bad bacteria. The byproducts from the interaction of the debris and bacteria cause infection. If left untreated, the infection in the gums can cause the bone to begin to dissolve. This is what causes people to lose their teeth when they have severe periodontitis.
There are many causes of gum disease. Poor oral hygiene is one of the most common sources. However, there are a variety of medicines that can contribute to it as well. Hormonal changes in women and girls make them more vulnerable to it at certain times. Even genetics can be a factor, causing some people to be more disposed to acquiring the disease than others.
If you have the symptoms of gum disease, do not neglect seeing a dentist right away. Contact Parklane Family Dentistry, and make an appointment with us. We will examine your teeth and gums and provide the necessary dental care to get you back on the road to oral health. Do not compromise your teeth with unchecked gum disease.